Psychology's Feminist Voices
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Psychology’s Feminist Voices is a project directed by Alexandra Rutherford at York University in Toronto, Canada.  She is joined on the project by a dynamic group of undergraduate and graduate students and feminist colleagues who use historical, feminist, critical, constructionist, and intersectional approaches to analyze psychology's engagement with gender. 


One of our major ongoing initiatives is an oral history program, initiated in 2004, to collect, preserve, and share the narratives of diverse feminist psychologists from all over the world.  Many of the psychologists featured in the Feminist Presence section of this site have contributed interviews to this project. You can find their interviews at their Profile page.  The Feminist Voices team has also produced the documentary The Changing Face of Feminist Psychology, a series of short teaching videos called "Feminist Psychologists Talk About...", on women's mental health and feminist therapy, feminist research methods, and intersectionality, and Gender Matters, a 7-video series on applying gender-based analysis in psychology. 


Psychology’s Feminist Voices is recognized by the International Consortium of Critical Theory Programs and its founder is an active member of the Canadian Critical Psychology Network. This site was launched in August of 2010 and has been officially endorsed by the Society for the Psychology of WomenSociety for the History of Psychology, the Section on Women and Psychology of the Canadian Psychological Association, and the Association for Women in Psychology



Project Director

Alexandra Rutherford

Alexandra Rutherford is a professor in the Historical, Theoretical, and Critical Studies of Psychology graduate program at York University. She is also affiliated with the Feminist, Gender, & Women's Studies and Science & Technology Studies graduate programs and a founding member of the Critical Psychology Network


Dr. Rutherford is the 2018 President-Elect for The Society for General Psychology (APA Div 1) and a fellow of the Society for the History of Psychology, the Society for the Psychological Study of Social IssuesSociety for the Psychology of Women and the Canadian Psychological Association. She received the 2016 Florence Denmark Distinguished Mentoring Award from the Association for Women in Psychology and the 2011 Award of Distinction from the Section on Women and Psychology of the Canadian Psychological Association for her contributions to feminist psychology. For a TedYork Talk about the development of her own feminist identity, click here.


Rutherford is currently an Associate Editor for the American Psychologist journal and Associate Editor for the Oxford Research Encyclopedia of the History of Psychology (2 volumes) at Oxford University Press in addition to her work on the Editorial Board for the Palgrave Studies in the Theory and History of Psychology series and as the Psychology Advisory Editor for the American National Biography. She is the lead editor of the Handbook of International Feminisms: Perspectives on Psychology, Women, Culture, and Rights (2011; New York: Springer) which features chapters on the development of feminist psychologies in diverse geopolitical contexts and was the winner of the 2012 Distinguished Publication Award from the Association for Women in Psychology


In her current book project, The Science and Politics of Gender: Feminist Psychology, and its Publics in Late 20th Century America (forthcoming 2019, Oxford University Press)she examines how the concerns of feminist psychologists arose out of and informed the larger cultural and political milieu of the post-WWII United States. How did they respond to national anxieties about the changing roles of women in the workforce in the gender-conservative 1950s? How did their involvement in the new social movements of the 1960s influence their evolution as scientists and as feminists? What role did they play in highlighting the androcentrism of clinical psychology and psychiatry and creating new understandings of women’s mental health in the 1970s? How did feminist psychologists redefine rape and other forms of violence against women and with what influence on legal practice and public policies?



Steering Committee

Jennifer Bazar

Dr. Jennifer Bazar is the curator for the Lakeshore Grounds Interpretive Centre in Etobicoke, Ontario, Canada. Dr. Bazar is former postdoctoral fellow at York University and the University of Toronto-Waypoint Centre for Mental Health Care in Ontario, Canada and curator/architect of the Remembering Oakridge Digital Archive and Exhibit. She is a former Electronics Editor for the Society for the History of Psychology at the American Psychological Assoc (Div 26) and the 2016 co-winner of Division 26 Early Career Psychologist Award. She received her doctorate in the History and Theory of Psychology program at York University. Her primary research interests include the history of asylums and asylum patients in the nineteenth century, archival theory, and the history of psychological laboratories. For more information.




Elissa Rodkey

Dr. Elissa Rodkey is an Assistant Professor at Crandall University in Moncton, New Brunswick, Canada. She earned her PhD in the History and Theory of Psychology Program at York University. Her master's thesis research was on Eleanor Gibson and the famous Visual Cliff experiment. Her dissertation featured emotion theorist Magda Arnold, whose mid-career conversion to Catholicism provides an opportunity for analysis of the relationship between psychology and religion at the mid-20th century. Rodkey uses a feminist framework to analyze the experiences of marginalized psychologists, such as the significance of non-academic networks or communities (e.g. friends, families, and religious groups) for the psychologists' encouragement and intellectual growth. She also draws on feminist critiques of psychology to illuminate episodes of disciplinary failure, such as the history of unrecognized infant pain and the ethical lapses of the American Psychological Association outlined in the Hoffman Report. Dr. Rodkey is a 2018 Program Co-Chair for the Society for the History of Psychology (Division 26 of the American Psychological Association). Her publications appear in the journals History of Psychology, Canadian Psychology, Psychology of Women Quarterly, and the Journal of Pain. For more information.



Kelli Vaughn-Johnson 

Kelli Vaughn-Johnson (formerly Vaughn-Blount) is a doctoral student in the Historical, Theoretical, and Critical Studies of Psychology program at York University in Toronto, Ontario. She received her Master's degree in Experimental Psychology from University of Central Oklahoma in the U.S. and is the current Social Media Director for PFV. Her primary research areas include the life and work of Lillien Jane Martin, the history of women in psychology, feminist psychology, applied adult developmental psychology, and historical and contemporary constructions of gender, sexuality, and aging. Kelli was a former project coordinator for Psychology's Feminist Voices and has previously served as the student caucus president for the Association for Psychological Science (APSSC) and as the News and Notes column editor for History of Psychology and web developer for the Society for the History of Psychology. For more information.



Jacy Young

Dr. Jacy Young is a Social Science Tutor (psychology instructor) at Quest University in Squamish, BC, Canada begining in Fall of 2018. Young is a former SSHRC Posdoctoral Fellow in the School of Psychology at the University of Surrey, Guildford, UK. She earned her PhD in the History and Theory of Psychology Program at York University. Her work explores the the methods and practices of the human sciences and her publications have appeared in History of Psychology, Journal of the History of the Behavioral Sciences, Canadian Psychology/Psychologie canadienne, Psychology of Women Quarterly, and other outlets. Dr. Young is the Treasurer & Corresponding Secretary for the Forum for the History of the Human Sciences (Interest group of the History of Science Society), Historian for the Society for the Psychological Study of Social Issues (SPSSI, APA Div 9),  and a 2018 Program Co-Chair for the Society for the History of Psychology. She is the current Editor for the PFV Blog Standpoints and also edits and blogs regularly at Advances in the History of PsychologyFor more information.




Current International Teams and Project Collaborators

Leeat Granek

Dr. Leeat Granek is a professor and head of Gerontology at Ben-Gurion University of the Negev ( אוניברסיטת בן-גוריון בנגב ), Department of Public Health in Beersheba, Israel. Dr. Granek earned her PhD in the History and Theory of Psychology program at York University. She is the 2016 winner of the Sigmund Koch Award for early career contributions to psychology from the Society for Theoretical and Philosophical Psychology. Her areas of expertise are in feminist critical psychology, grief and mourning, and psycho-oncology. She has been involved in the Psychology's Feminist Voices project since 2005 and has conducted dozens of interviews with feminist psychologists from Canada, the United States, and Europe. For more information.



Katherine Hubbard

Dr. Katherine Hubbard is a Lecturer in the Sociology Department at University of Surrey in Guildford, Surrey, UK. She is a historian of the medical and social sciences with a particular interest in feminist and queer histories. Dr. Hubbard is a former winner of the Mary Brayburn scholarship from the Federation of Women Graduates (2014) and the BPS Psychology of Women postgraduate prize (2016). Her research interests include philosophy of science, critical psychology, and the history of psychology & medicine. Dr. Hubbards's work particularly empasizes an inter-disciplinary approach (including sociological, psychological and historical components) within queer feminist studies and methodologies. See Dr. Hubbards's home page for more information.




Ana Jacó-Vilela

Dr. Ana Maria Jacó-Vilela is a Professor in the Social Psychology graduate program at Universidade do Estado do Rio de Janeiro (Rio de Janeiro State University) in Brazil. She is the current Interamerican Society of Psychology Vice-President for South American and President of Division 18 (History of Psychology) of the International Association of Applied Psychology. Her research on the history of psychology in Brazil explores areas such as psychology in medical theses, relations between psychology and religious institutions, and psychology in the Armed Forces. Gender is a central theme throughout the research. Jacó-Vilela is also a founder and the coordinator of the "Laboratório de História e Memória da Psicologia - Clio-Psyché". The Clio-Psyché Laboratory of History and Memory of Psychology is a collaborative of faculty, graduate, and undergraduate studants. In addition to teaching and research, the collaborative develops extension activities (movies and courses) and resources including maintaining a history of psychology library. This library was developed through the generous donations of deceased teachers' collections including Jayme Grabois, Eliezer Schneider, Emilio Mira y López, Celso Pereira de Sá. A collection of additional documents is currently in the cataloging process. See the laboratory page or Dr. Jacó-Vilela ResearchGate profile or more information




Nora Ruck

Dr. Nora Ruck is an Assistant Professor of Psychology in the Faculty of Psychology at the Sigmund Freud Privatuniversität Wien (Vienna), Austria. Dr. Ruck is a former post-doctoral Marie Curie Fellow at Sigmund Freud Private University in Vienna and at the History and Theory of Psychology Department at York University. She is also affiliated with the Centre for Feminist Research and the Institute for Science and Technology Studies at York University. Dr. Ruck was awarded the Ars Docendi, state award for Excellence in Teaching at Austrian Public Universities, in 2017. Her research is devoted to the social conditions and effects of psychology and her interests include feminist psychology, critical psychology, history of psychology, and feminist epistemology.Ruck's current project is "The Psychological is Political: A Recent History of Feminist Psychology in Vienna. 1997-2000" with her team, Rosa Costa, Vera Luckgei, and Elisabeth Parzer, along with students Florian Knasmüller and Max Beck (more on the Austria team in Oct 2018). See Dr. Ruck's home page or profile for more information. 




Shari Miles-Cohen and Cathy Faye 


Dr. Shari Miles-Cohen, Women's Program Office, American Psychological Association and Dr. Cathy Faye, Assistant Director Drs. Nicholas and Dorothy Cummings Center for the History of Psychology, at the University of Akron, Akron, OH, in partnership with Dr. Alexandra Rutherford, Psychology’s Feminist Voices, and their collective teams created and continue to develop the I am Psyched! exhibit and tour to engage young women and girls of color in exploring how psychology can improve their daily lives, create positive social change, and to be excited and engaged with the history of psychology and the museum experience. I am Psyched! originated as part of the Smithsonian Institution Museum Day Live! in 2016 in coordination with the then White House Council on Women and Girls. The I am Psyched! National Tour including the traveling exhibt launched in February 2017 at Howard University in Washington, D.C and continues. The partnership published the chapter "I Am Psyched! Using the Museum Experience to Engage Girls of Colour with Psychology" regarding the development of the project in J. C. Ashton (Ed.) (2017) Feminism and Museums: Intervention, Disruption, and Change (v2). For more information or to develop a #IamPsychedTour event. 




Current Lab Collective

Laura Ball

Laura C. Ball is a doctoral student in History and Theory of Psychology program at York University and is the Knowledge Translation and Implementation Coordinator for Waypoint Centre for Mental Health Care in Ontario, Canada. Her primary research areas include the historical and contemporary construction of high ability (genius, giftedness), history of women in psychology, feminist psychology, history of behavioural genetics, and forensic psychology. Laura is the former chair of the Heritage Committee of the APA (Div 35) Society for the Psychology of Women, is on the student editorial board for the Journal of Theoretical and Philosophical Psychology, and is a former treasurer/secretary for the Historical and Philosophical Psychologysection of the Canadian Psychological Association. For more information.



Teresa Beaulieu

Teresa (Tera) Beaulieu is a Vanier scholar and doctoral student in the Adult Education and Counselling Psychology Program at the Ontario Institute for Studies in Education at the University of Toronto. She is currently a board member of the Mental Health Commission of Canada and Program Manager for Aboriginal Services at the Centre for Addiction and Mental Health (CAMH). Her research and academic interests include indigenous psychology and women's mental health, feminist identity, and feminist and Indigenous approaches to counselling and healing. Tera is the President of the MNO Toronto & York Region Metis Council and a former coordinator of the Psychology's Feminist Voices oral history project. 



Margaret "Luci" Belknap

Luci (Margaret) Belknap is a graduate student in the OISE Clinical and Counseling Psychology Program at the Univ. of Toronto in Ontario, Canada. She is a graduate of the Specialized Honours Psychology program at Glendon College, York University. Luci is passionate about social justice and clinical psychology and is working to become a licensed clinical psychologist. They hope to contribute to positive social change through research, public speaking and a private practice. To that end, Luci is working on a thesis exploring ways to facilitate posttraumatic growth in survivors of sexual assault, as well as volunteering with Psychology's Feminist Voices.



Jeahlisa Bridgeman

Jeahlisa Bridgeman is a social worker at Trillium Health Partners in Toronto, ON, Canada. She is a graduate of the the Honours Psychology (BSc) program at York University and with her Master's in Social Work at the University of Toronto. She has special interests in social psychology, abnormal psychology and the psychology of women. For more information.



Tal Davidson

Tal Davidson is a PhD student in the History, Theory, and Critical Studies of Psychology program at York University, Toronto, Canada. His Master’s thesis in psychology was on the history of LSD-assisted psychotherapy. Tal's interests include the histories of scientific epistemologies, and the use of psychological research and pedagogy as platforms for social reform.



Makayla Fancy

Makayla Fancy is pursuing her Master's in Social Work at Wilfrid Laurier University in Waterloo, Ontario. She graduated with an honours BA in psychology from Crandall University in Moncton, New Brunswick. Her honours thesis explored the role of romantic attachment on mental, physical, and spiritual well-being. Makayla is a strong mental health advocate and has experience in field, having worked with individuals of all ages suffering from schizophrenia, anxiety, bi-polar disorder, and depression, just to name a few. She has also volunteered with multiple non-profit organizations to help children develop social skills to better integrate into society. Her research interests broadly include attachment theory, mental health, and ending stereotypes. For more information.



Alexis Fabricius

Alexis Fabricius has an Honours BA in history from York University and a Master's from the University of Toronto in medieval history; she is currently working on her second BA in psychology at York. Alexis is chiefly interested in exploring the development of violence prevention programming to help reduce violence against women. In her work, she is influenced by feminist theories, social justice, community and critical psychologies. She incorporates these issues into her work with Invicta Self-Defense, her women's self-defense business. For more information.



Lisa Feingold

Lisa Feingold is a graduate student in the Historical, Theoretical, and Critical Studies of Psychology Master's program at York University. She also completed her BA with Honours in Psychology at York. Her work focuses on areas in which psychology and human rights issues intersect, with an emphasis on understanding barriers to mental health care. Lisa’s research is influenced by critical, feminist, and psychodynamic theory.



Alexandra Fox

Alexandra Fox is pursuing her Master’s in Interdisciplinary Studies at York University with a B. Des in Communications and Design from Ryerson University. Her research focuses on the links between anti-capitalist activism and mental health. She is graphic designer, photographer and activist in Toronto, focusing on socialist, feminist, environmental, and mental health activism. She sits on the Board of Directors for Mayworks Festival of Working People & the Arts and OPIRG York. For more information.



Meghan George

Meghan George is a doctoral student in Social and Personality Psychology program at York University. She received her BA in psychology from Ryerson University and her master's in social psychology from York University in Toronto. Meghan is currently the SPSSI Member-At-Large - Academic Focus for the Society for the Psychological Study of Social Issues (APA Div 9) Graduate Student Committee. Her research interests broadly include social psychology, stereotyping, and the history of psychology. For more information.



Stephanie Gill

Stephanie Gill graduated from Saint Mary’s University with a Bachelor of Commerce in 2013. While at Saint Mary’s, she founded and managed "Girl Revolution", a program that worked with junior high girls on social issues. In 2013, she was recognized for her work with Girl Revolution and named HSBC Woman Leader of Tomorrow for Atlantic Canada. She is currently working on her second bachelor’s degree in Psychology at York University and is president of the Feminist Action group on campus. She is passionate about social justice and plans to pursue graduate studies in Social Work.



Prapti Giri

Prapti Giri, a Registered Nurse since 2001, completed her Masters in Social Work at Wilfrid Laurier University in 2017. Her thesis examined racialized frontline workers’ experiences of racism and vicarious racism. She earned a BA (Hons.) in Psychology at York University with an honours thesis that compared the narratives of novice and experienced trauma therapists. She maintains a private practice as a Registered Nurse trauma therapist. Her primary modality in counseling is Somatic ExperiencingTM (integrating mind, body and emotions in order to process trauma). For more information.



Mira Goldstein

Mira Goldstein is an undergraduate student in the Specialized Honours Psychology Program at York University. She completed her thesis in Dr. Jonathan Weiss's lab on a mindfulness-based therapeutic intervention for adolescents with Autism Spectrum Disorder and their parents. Her research interests in psychology, and activism in the world, are in feminism, mental health and disability, gender, and sexuality, as well as history of psychology, critical psychology, community psychology, and cultural psychology. For more information.



Shalyn Isaacs

Shalyn Isaacs is an undergraduate student in the BA Honors Psychology program at York University in Toronto, Ontario. Her interests include inter-generational trauma, feminist psychology, philosophy, and spiritual thought. She is hoping to pursue a masters degree in Counselling Psychology.



Susannah Mulvale

Susannah Mulvale is a doctoral student in the Historical, Theoretical, and Critical Studies of Psychology program at York University. Winner of the 2017 Mary J. Wright Award from the CPA History and Philosophy of Psychology section. Susannah is also serving as the 2018 CPA program co-chair for the section.  She holds an MA in History and Theory from York and one in Philosophy from University of Guelph and a BA in Philosophy with a Minor in Psychology from Concordia University. Her research interests are in the intersections between philosophy and psychology, and particularly in phenomenological, post-modern, and feminist critiques of psychology.  For more information.



Clairissa "Clair" Robinson

Clair Robinson is an undergraduate student at York University perusing an Honours BA in Psychology and Political Science, while earning a professional certificate in Public Administration and Law. She is an executive member of Youth Mental Health Canada, treasurer for VASA, former president of the mental health advocacy group Active Minds, and is active in the community. She has worked with abused women and children in shelters and is passionate about feminism and equity. Her interests include feminist psychology, mental health policy, inter-generational trauma, and alternative therapies to medication. Her goals are to advocate for mental health and gender equality at the policy level and pursue research with a focus on gendered psychological topics (battered woman syndrome, premenstrual dysphoric disorder, and sexual assault). For more information.



Cindy Ta

Cindy Ta is an undergraduate student in Criminology and Psychology at York University, Toronto. Her research interests include psychology and law, feminist psychology, social psychology and inter-generational trauma in the Indigenous population. She is intending to pursue graduate studies in Forensic Psychology or Criminology. 



Sara Wasef

Sara Wasef is an undergraduate student in the BSc Biomedical Science program at York University, Toronto, Canada. Her research interests include health and feminist psychology as well as the interdisciplinary nature of body and mind in explaining disease. She is hoping to pursue medicine or a graduate degree in mammalian physiology.



Lucy Xie

Lucy Xie is an undergraduate student in the Specialized Honours Psychology program at York University. After completing her degree, she is planning to enter a clinical or experimental graduate program. Her research interests include the intersection of feminist psychology, abnormal psychology and the law.



Grace Zhang

Grace Zhang is a graduate of the Psychology Honors program at York University. She worked with Dr. Ron Sheese on her honors thesis relating to Educational Psychology. She is also currently volunteering in Dr. James Bebko’s lab on Autism Spectrum Disorder. Her interests include developmental psychology, educational psychology, feminism, gender, and sexual orientation. For more information.


Past Project Members

Marissa Barnes, Lori Caplan, Max Chewinski, Sara Crann, Pelin Gul, Lisa Held, Amanda Jenkins, Axelle Karera, Susanna Kim, Anastasia Korostoliev, Michelle Leve, Rokisha Lewis, Sasha Lopez, Christina Maclean, Jenna Mackay, Jennifer Noh, Tiffany Nguyen, Dilraj Pama, Matthew Pelcowitz, Wade Pickren, Sarah Radtke, Kate Sheese, Cynthia Shih, Rachel Shour, Sukhjeet Sohi, Alina Sotskova, Corinne Smirle, Florence Truong, Tenzing Tsering, Isuri Weerakkody.



Psychology's Feminist Voices has received funding from the following sources:

Major Funding:

Social Sciences and Humanities Research Council of Canada

Secondary Funding:

Society for the Psychology of Women of the American Psychological Association (APA)

Committee on Division/APA Relations (CODAPAR) Small Grants Program

Association for Psychological Science Fund for Teaching and Public Understanding of Psychological Science


Contact Us

Inquiries about the site should be directed to Alexandra Rutherford at alexr [at] yorku .ca